Royal Irish Regiment, Ireland, Regiments
The Royal Irish Regiment may be either of two British Army regiments: the first was in service from 1684-1922 and was also known as the 18th Regiment of Foot. The second was the Royal Irish Regiment created in 1992, properly named The Royal Irish Regiment 27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence Regiment. This an infantry unit of the British Army. Until the summer of 2008 the Regimental Headquarters was located at St Patrick's Barracks, Ballymena. It is currently at Palace Barracks, Holywood, Belfast. In July of 2007 the Royal Irish Rangers, then serving as the TA battalion, was fully incorporated as the 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment. In present time the operational command of the Royal Irish Regiment encompasses the 1st Battalion which includes general service, the 2nd Battalion which includes Territorial Army incorporating both B Squadron and the Queen's Own Yeomanry. The regiment recruits from within Ireland, and also South Africa, Zimbabwe, Fiji, and more.
The third largest island in Europe, Ireland is also the twentieth-largest island in the world. Surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. it is situated northwest of continental Europe and east of Great Britain. Ireland is seperated from England by the Irish Sea. Politically Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The 2008 population of the Republic of Ireland was estimated to be 4,422,100 and that of Northern Ireland was estimated to be 1,775,000. The 2009 estimate for the Republic of Ireland is 4,459,300 persons. Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and education. A strong Irish culture exists, as expressed for example through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language.
Part of a major tactical military unit, a regiment is composed of variable numbers of batteries, squadrons or battalions, commanded by a lieutenant colonel or colonel. A regiment can be broken into two distinct categories, one being an administrative unit which is responsible for non-operational management of battalions (such as human resources, training and strategic reserve), while the other type is a deployable combat unit. Depending on the nation, military branch, mission, and organization, a modern combat regiment resembles a brigade, and the size of a regiment can range from a few hundred to 5,000 soldiers. The regimental system is generally admired for the esprit de corps it engenders in its units' members, but problems can arise when dealing with trying to keep soldiers of a regiment together throughout their careers and of administering separate garrisons, training, and mess facilities. An example would be the Royal Irish Regiment, or in the US the 1st Cavalry Regiment.